The defendant was convicted in a summary hearing in the Municipal Court of the Borough of Wallington, for a violation of N.J.S. 2 A:170-26 (approved December 5, 1951; effective January 1, 1952). From this conviction he appealed to this court and moved for an acquittal on the ground that the aforesaid statute is unconstitutional in that it deprives an accused of the right to be indicted by a grand jury and tried by a petit jury, which rights are guaranteed by the provisions of the N.J. Constitution of 1947, Art. I, par. 8.
Art. I, par. 8, N.J. Const. 1947, provides:
"No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases now prosecuted without indictment, or arising in the army or navy or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger."
Both parties concede that the procedure provided for the enforcement of the Disorderly Persons Act is summary in character.
Assault and battery are common law crimes. Therefore, insofar as the Disorderly Persons Act authorizes a conviction of a person guilty of either crime in a summary manner without his consent, it is unconstitutional. The following cases illustrate this principle:
Disorderly house -- State v. Anderson , 40 N.J.L. 224 (Sup. Ct. 1878); Meyer v. State , 42 N.J.L. 145 (E. & A. 1880); Atlantic City v. Rollins , 76 N.J.L. 254 (Sup. Ct. 1908); State v. Green , 96 N.J.L. 434 (Sup. Ct. 1921).
Assault -- Assault with Intent to Kill, Assault with Deadly Weapons -- Blazier v. Keffer , 79 N.J.L. 252 (Sup. Ct. 1910).
Fraudulent Conduct at Elections -- Wilentz v. Galvin , 125 N.J.L. 455 (Sup. Ct. 1940).
Assault and Battery -- Richardson v. State Board, &c. , 99 N.J.L. 516 (E. & A. 1924).
Public Nuisance -- Everingham v. Millville , 3 N.J. Misc. 293 (Sup. Ct. 1925); Hedden v. Hand , 90 N.J. Eq. 583 (E. & A. 1919).
Murder -- In re Mei , 122 N.J. Eq. 125 (E. & A. 1937). The Richardson case, supra , ...