Freund, Proctor and Schettino. The opinion of the court was delivered by Schettino, J.s.c.
Plaintiff sought a declaratory judgment that she is an "active member" of the East Orange Police Department, within the meaning of R.S. 43:16-17, and as such is eligible for retirement by reason of her age and years of service. That she is a member of the police force is conceded, but defendant contends that she is an "employee member," and as such is not eligible for retirement because plaintiff has not yet attained the age for retirement applicable to employee members. The trial court gave summary judgment for defendant and from that judgment plaintiff appeals.
The facts are stipulated. On November 22, 1916, plaintiff, after examination and certification by the Civil Service Commission, was duly appointed clerk of the police department. Although the manual relating to the duties of the clerk did not subject plaintiff to call for police duties, she in fact did, over the years, perform police duties of various kinds in addition
to her duties as clerk, and apparently still does. At one time the board of police commissioners contemplated creating the position of policewoman or police matron, but never in fact created it, nor was there any purported appointment of plaintiff or anyone else to that position. Plaintiff has never been certified by the Civil Service Commission for a position other than the 1916 one as clerk. Plaintiff at all times was and is carried on the payrolls as a clerk in the department and, as already stated, in fact performs the duties of a clerk despite the additional performance of certain police duties.
R.S. 43:16-1 to 18, enacted in 1944, created the distinction between "active member" and "employee member." Prior thereto all members of the police department were subject to the same requirements of age and years of service for retirement. R.S. 43:16-1 provides that any "active member" having 25 years of service and having reached the age of 51 years is eligible for retirement, whereas an "employee member" may retire after like years of service but upon reaching the age of 60 years. Plaintiff has served more than 25 years and is now 56 years of age.
R.S. 43:16-17 defines "member," "active member" and "employee member" as follows:
"(1) 'Member' shall mean a person who on the effective date of the act of which this act is amendatory, that is on July first, one thousand nine hundred and forty-four, was a member of a municipal police department or paid or part paid fire department or county police department or a paid or part paid fire department of a fire district located in a township and who has contributed to the pension fund established under chapter sixteen of Title 43 of the Revised Statutes and shall hereafter contribute to said fund.
(2) 'Active member' shall mean any 'member' who is a policeman, fireman, detective, lineman, driver of police van, fire alarm operator or inspector of combustibles and who is subject to call for active service or duty as such.
(3) 'Employee member' shall mean any 'member' who is not subject to call for active service or duty as a policeman, fireman, detective, lineman, driver of police van, fire alarm operator or inspector of combustibles."
The trial court pointed out that the definition of "active member" required both that the member have the status of "policeman * * *" and be "subject to call for active service or duty as such," and concluded that although plaintiff had in fact been subjected to call for such service or duty, she at no time held the required status, and observed that the circumstance that plaintiff had thus ...