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State v. Dixon

New Jersey Supreme Court


Decided: October 31, 1945.

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, DEFENDANT-IN-CERTIORARI,
v.
PETE DIXON AND LOUIS MUNGIOLO, PROSECUTORS-IN-CERTIORARI

On certiorari.

For the prosecutors, George S. Friedman and Joseph Narrow.

For the defendant, William R. Smith.

Before Justices Case, Bodine and Perskie.

Bodine

[133 NJL Page 349]

The opinion of the court was delivered by

BODINE, J. An indictment is brought before us on certiorari. It charges that Pete Dixon and Louis Mungioli, "did conspire, * * * to commit an act for the perversion and obstruction of justice and the due administration of the laws, to wit, to have the sentence of Pete Dixon theretofore charged with an assault upon one J. W. Rainnie and an assault upon one Junior Harris, and with resisting arrest, fixed to the end that the said Pete Dixon would obtain probation rather than commitment to States Prison * * *." The overt act charged done in pursuance of the conspiracy was the payment by Dixon to Mungioli of the sum of $800.

The statutes of this state respecting conspiracies are to be found in R.S. 2:119-1 and 2. It was necessary to charge an overt act in pursuance of the conspiracy. The act charged was the payment of money by one conspirator to another. The conspiracy was to commit an act injurious to the public, the perversion or obstruction of justice. Hence, the act done -- the payment of money -- may have been lawful, still the evil purpose charged makes the indictment sufficient. See State v. Herbert, 92 N.J.L. 341 (at p. 355); State v. Hemmendinger, 100 Id. 234.

The act done in such case need not be unlawful. Suffice it, that the charge was that the conspiracy was to prejudice the public. State v. Continental Purchasing Co., 119 N.J.L. 257; affirmed, 121 Id. 76. See, also, an exhaustive study of indictments for conspiracy in the case of State v. Ellenstein, 121 Id. 304.

The writ will be dismissed, with costs.

19451031


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