For the prosecutor, Bernard S. Wildstein (George R. Sommers, of counsel).
For the respondent, Walter D. Van Riper, Attorney-General (Joseph A. Murphy, Assistant Attorney-General, of counsel).
Before Brogan, Chief Justice, and Justices Donges and Perskie.
The opinion of the court was delivered by
PERSKIE, J. The language of the writ in this case brings up for review the propriety of an order of the State "Commissioner" of Alcoholic Beverage Control "suspending" prosecutor's plenary retail consumption license, and allegedly "disqualifying" him from "holding a liquor license" or "being employed upon licensed premises in this state" (R.S. 33:1-25 and 26).
Prosecutor concedes that the "material and controlling" facts are not "substantially" in dispute. These facts disclose that the Commissioner in writing charged prosecutor, "a retail licensee," (1) with having "purchased four cases of assorted alcoholic beverages" without "special permit," from one Christopher J. Mohr, a person "not" the holder of a "New Jersey manufacturer's or wholesaler's license," in violation of rule 15 of State Regulations No. 20, and (2) that prosecutor was convicted in the Second Criminal Court of the City of Newark of the crime of receiving stolen goods (namely, the liquor which, under the first charge, prosecutor was charged with having illegally purchased); that the crime involves moral turpitude (R.S. 33:1-25), and that such conviction was an "act or happening" which if it had occurred before prosecutor had applied for his current license would have prevented the municipal board of Alcoholic Control of Newark from having issued said license to him. R.S. 33:1-31 (i).
The Commissioner fixed a time and place for the hearing on the charges and required prosecutor to show cause why the license which had been issued to him by the Newark board should not be "suspended or revoked." To the charges preferred against him by the Commissioner, prosecutor entered in substance the following written pleas: to the first charge he entered a plea of "non vult" and as to the second charge he admitted the conviction therein stated but denied that such a conviction involved moral turpitude within the meaning of the statute.
At the hearing the "entire file" of the criminal case was, by stipulation of counsel for the respective parties, "marked" in evidence, to be "reviewed" by the Commissioner. Because that file disclosed, among other things, that the sentence (one year's probation) was based upon prosecutor's plea of non vult to the charge of having unlawfully and feloniously received the liquor in question knowing that it had been feloniously stolen, counsel for prosecutor maintains here as below that while the judgment, on the sentence, entered in the criminal court, "amounts to a conviction in that court," nevertheless, such a judgment was not dispositive of the question of whether it involves moral turpitude; but that all the facts and "circumstances attendant upon the commission of the offense usually furnish the best guide." Rudolph v. United States, 35 App. Div. 362; 6 Fed. Rep. (2 d) 487; 40 A.L.R. 1042; certiorari denied, 269 U.S. 559; 70 L. Ed. 411. Such circumstances were urged as factors to be considered by the Commissioner in mitigation of the offense. In the words of counsel for prosecutor, "We come in on the sole question of whether or not moral turpitude is involved."
Notwithstanding prosecutor's stated defense the parties in fact submitted their respective proofs on the merits of both charges. Upon the proofs so submitted, the Commissioner, on February 29th, 1944, filed what is captioned as his "Conclusions and Order." See R.S. 33:1-38. He concluded that the crime (receiving stolen goods) to which prosecutor pleaded non vult in the criminal court was a crime which, under all the circumstances, involved moral turpitude (see caveat expressed at pp. 575, 576, in Schireson v. State Board
of Medical Examiners, 130 N.J.L. 570; 33 A.2d 911, and also 43 Harvard Law Review 117, 119); and that inasmuch as prosecutor had otherwise enjoyed a clear record for the ten years that he had been a license holder, he (Commissioner) would not revoke prosecutor's license, as he might have done (R.S. 33:1-31 (i)), but would only suspend prosecutor's license for the balance of its then term which expired on June 30th, 1944; the Commissioner further concluded that he would entertain a petition from a bona fide transferee of the license to lift the suspension after at least 90 days of the suspension had been served. Additionally, the Commissioner stated in his conclusions that in no event might prosecutor receive any renewal ...