For the prosecutors, George S. Harris.
For the respondent, Charles E. McCraith, Jr.
Before Justices Case, Donges and Porter.
The prosecutor attacks the order of the Essex County Court of Common Pleas adjudging the respondent not guilty of certain charges of which the director of public safety of the town of Montclair found him guilty and ordered him reduced from the rank of assistant chief of the fire department to the rank of captain, and ordering respondent reinstated to the position of assistant chief, and ordering prosecutor to pay respondent at the salary of assistant chief from the date of his reduction in rank to captain.
Respondent was involved in an automobile collision while off duty and the essence of the charges against him was that he left the scene of the accident in violation of the Motor Vehicle act.
Respondent appealed the finding of the director of public safety to the Court of Common Pleas under the provisions of chapter 64 of the laws of 1935. Pamph. L., p. 169. The first point raised is that the Court of Common Pleas was without jurisdiction because the respondent was not removed
from office or employment. The argument is that one is removed from office only when he is deprived of any office or employment, and that reduction in rank or demotion is not a removal from office.
But the decisions of this court seem to leave no doubt that a transfer, without the consent of the incumbent, from one position to one of less dignity, at a lower rate of compensation, is a removal from office. Michaelis v. Board of Fire Commissioners, 49 N.J.L. 154; Leary v. Mayor of Orange, 59 Id. 350; Hansen v. Van Winkle, 76 Id. 443; Harrington v. Carteret, 1 N.J. Mis. R. 167.
So that it seems clear that the act relied upon conferred jurisdiction on the Court of Common Pleas to hear the case de novo and make such order as the court concluded was proper and just in the circumstances.
A trial was had in the Common Pleas and the trial judge concluded that there was not sufficient evidence to justify a finding that respondent was guilty of willfully and intentionally leaving the scene of the accident in violation of his duty under the law, and further concluded that respondent was removed from his ...